What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a skin condition that affects parts of the face. Symptoms can include facial flushing, facial redness, spots, thickening of the skin, and eye problems such as dry eyes and sore eyelids. Not all symptoms occur in all cases and usually appears to those suffering in their 30’s .
Symptoms include, frequent flushing of the face like blushing. Redness of parts of the face that resemble sunburn, small bumpy red dots that start as small pimples and with time can turn into small cysts resembling acne and red vessels called Telangiectasia that are quite visible
What causes Rosacea?
There is no real known cause to those suffering from this unpleasant skin condition. Research shows that it can be hereditary but can also be due to environmental reasons. There are a few factors that can trigger the inflammation associated like hot and spicy foods, alcohol, saunas and hot baths and putting our faces under the hot running water in the shower, strong sunlight and getting sunburn, medications that dilated vessels like blood pressure tablets and extreme temperature changes, meaning hot to cold.
Types of Rosacea
Vascular – What used to be referred to as the initial phase, or pre-rosacea, is now the first type of the condition, known as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea or vascular rosacea. It’s characterized by frequent flushing and redness of face. Those suffering notice visible blood vessels creeping across the bridge of the nose and the cheeks.
Inflammatory– Papulopustular rosacea or inflammatory rosacea. Its key symptom is chronic redness of the face, as well as an outbreak of red bumps and pimples. These bumps, known as pustules and papules, are different from acne and are also treated differently.
Phymatous– This type of rosacea occurs when inflammatory rosacea has not been treated. The nose becomes bulbous, lumpy, and very red with an overgrowth of thickened skin also known as rhinophyma. Excess skin may also grow on the cheeks or forehead, giving it a thickened appearance. Phymatous rosacea occurs more frequently in men.
Ocular Rosacea– This is rosacea of the eye, symptoms include dryness or a gritty sensation in the eyes to tearing, burning, itching, or stinging. You might have bloodshot eyes, frequent styes, swelling of the eyelids, or redness on the margins of the lids. Ocular rosacea can be serious, resulting in damage to the cornea. It can blur vision, worsen vision problems, and lead to blindness if unchecked.
Treatments and Solutions for Rosacea?
Vascular rosacea symptoms are minor and topical or oral rosacea medication is usually prescribed. Laser treatments are also used to coagulate the blood in these tiny broken blood vessels. It usually does not fix this type of Rosacea completely but keeps it at bay.
Inflammatory rosacea is most often treated with topical, medicated gels. LED light therapy with the blue light setting will also assist with this condition.
Phymatous rosacea is usually treated with laser or surgical treatments, the thickened skin is removed.
Ocular rosacea is typically treated with long-term, low dose oral antibiotics.
Although there is no real prevention for this skin condition diet plays an important part, eating a clean diet with little dairy assists and protecting your skin from the triggers that causes inflammation. This condition dies require an aspect of medical assistance but good health care is also just as important.